Thursday, June 11, 2020

Sonnet 18 Shall I Compare Thee to A Summer’s Day - Free Essay Example

  (A). Initial thoughts about the work. This is the most fascinating poem written by Shakespeare so far because it focuses on the beauty of a friend with whom the poet wishes to remain forever in his memory. The friend is metamorphosed into a season of the year (summer) to show the profound joy and beauty he finds in such friendship which is purported held, dear.   William Shakespeare hopes that the memory he hopes to build out of this friendship should forever remain in his mind just the same way as those who die to leave fond memories in our lives. I think the most interesting part about this poetry is the ability of the composer to perfectly compare the aspects of nature and humanity. According to Bently, Davis, Ginsburg (2010), it is thought that throughout the poem, he humanizes nature and naturalizes the humane qualities of his friend. What a masterpiece! This is the reason why Sonnet 18 is a fascinating work done by Shakespeare due to the implied ability to compare two contrasting aspects of life. (B) Analysis of the Work The poet perfectly implied that as long as people will live in this world, this sonnet would forever remain in their minds. This was words written way back in the 16th century when the poem was first written; a period when civilization was rocking the entire Europe. Fortunately, the poem has lived way beyond the intended period and is still a 21st century darling of many literature enthusiasts. That as the patterns of the weather change year in year out, the aspect of beauty brought about by these changes still lingers in the minds and souls of many beings across the world. This is exactly what Shakespeare intended to pass across in his coded poem. Some of the insights that can be learned from the author of the poem are the aspects of resilience and creativity, largely contributed by the poet’s life as a dramatist, actor and writer. For instance, Shakespeare is described by his contemporaries as charming, honest, open minded and gentle. These qualities must have contributed to his perceived creativity to use his contemporaries as subjects of discussion in many of his poems. For instance, the choice of the title of Sonnet 18 must have been from the perception of his friends and critics alike with whom the poet had the desire to use them to deliver his message to his audience. William Shakespeare was and is still known to be the most talented literature guru who created a world of imagination from the ordinary using relatively coded language. The comparison of gold to summer shows the extent to which highly precious aspects can with time change in form and importance; just like the weather patterns change every time. The ravages of time still dominate the message in the poem especially in line 7 where he presupossedly talks about the dimming of everything that is always good (Kirchmayer, 2014). That in as much as outside beauty may or is praised among the population, it comes a time when such fades; but the beauty that remains in the minds and souls of ind ividuals is compared to that of the lord who never ‘fades’. The historical setting of the poem dates back to the 16th century a time when the poet was born. Given his lifeline, the sonnet came at a time when the author was at the peak of his literary life in what later came to be known as renaissance. Key among the attributes of this age include the high need for individuals to learn and discover knowledge by relating it to their daily affairs. The aspects of literature and philosophy were gaining momentum at this stage and science was also a phenomenon to reckon with. Literature enthusiasts such as Shakespeare could not let go off their creativity especially given the fact that they led lives that were characterized by actions and drama. The poet also describes summer as being accompanied by lots of disappointments in line 3 where he talks of the ‘rough wind which seemingly is unwelcomed and in line 5 where he talks of the summer sun which is extremely hot. But these imperfections of the summer season have a clear contrast with the dim ming goodness of his dear friend whom he describes to be very template. The poet has as well clearly indicated that the beauty of his dear friend whom he describes as the lord shall not fade. He believes that history shall write itself and his friend will remain to be the same as time passes. The poet is also hopeful that so long as the human generation prevails, his poetry shall live forever and never fade. The poet has used several themes and stylistic devices to help bring out an artistic representation of the general text. The speaker in Sonnet 18 focuses on fate and death of a beauty. He, however, comes up with a poem within which he strongly believes that shall not see the end of such beauty. He, therefore, steps in and artistically represents the ‘lord’ his beloved friend whom he can save from ravages of time by simply writing this poem. ‘Time’ in this context provides the intersection of the literature and the writing hence the theme. Man in the natural world cannot avoid being challenged with time but the poet believes that he can help him curb such a problem. The use of anaphora (repetition of the opening words) helps create a rhythm in the poem hence making it interesting and pleasant to its readers. The sonnet 18 writer also creates an image of his beloved friend by using a perfect being ‘the lord’. This brings out the imagery as a styli stic device used in the poem. Burgess (2013), in his critique, asserts that the stability of love and its power to immortalize things is a theme that is widely felt across the poem. In today’s audience, the poem is still relevant as it explores the social aspect of human beings and impact of love for others. The virtue of love for others should not be compared to the gold complexion that fades off with time. I think the poet meant that love should be eternal regardless of changing ‘seasons’ in an individual’s life. As long as we can breathe, we should reflect the true aspects of love and affection towards others. (C). How knowledge gained influenced my thinking of the poem Having known what the poem is all about, I became fully aware of the magnitude each phrase carries in the entire poem. I came to understand that the sonnet is a thriller having compared it with the most of the sonnets written by Shakespeare. A careful literature mind will be able to produce correlations between it and the real world despite wide use of metaphorical language. My feeling beforehand was that this was relatively a hard linguistic masterpiece; that one required to be a poetic guru to fully comprehend the message therein. Nevertheless, after an informed scrutiny, I late realized that this was indeed one of Shakespeare ‘easiest to understand’ sonnet since he presents his main ideas through metaphors.

Tuesday, June 2, 2020

Top Questions to Ask Colleges

HomeApplyCampus visitsTop Questions to Ask CollegesThis page may contain affiliate links.Oct 30, 2019Choosing a college can be one of the most important decisions you and your child make. And the criteria upon which that decision is based can vary greatly from child to child. Thats why its so important to have a list of questions to ask about college, either when youre on a campus visit, talking with a college admissions officer, or just researching online. If you are armed with all the right facts about the colleges on your childs list, the decision-making process will come from a place of knowledge rather than conjecture. Its okay to ask others for their opinions (and facts), however, going to the source for many of the answers you will need is really key. Youll get a lot of advice from well-meaning students and adults, but ultimately, the choice will be up to your student (and you). The data you get online from various magazines and databases is just the starting point. Some of the most important questions are questions you have to ask the college itself. And while there are numerous things one needs to know about their school (besides price), weve narrowed it down to what you should find out directly FROM the college. Questions to Ask Colleges How will the college use your financial aid numbers from either the FAFSA or the CSS Profile? When you submit your financial aid forms, whether it’s the FAFSA or the CSS Profile, that signals the starting point for financial aid consideration. From there, colleges consider medical expenses, changes in income since the income was reported, home equity, and how your family income fits in with the cost of living in the city where you live. Check with the schools financial aid office to see what factors they consider when evaluating awards for financial aid. What career services does the college have? Most schools have a career services office. And those that do not, often have individual offices per major. Check into details about how many students each career service rep handles. Find out where these reps are getting students placed with regards to internships and shadow days. Since the most important aspect of college is getting a job you like after graduation, these questions will provide you with crucial information about a students potential future. Specific questions to ask: What types of programs do they have to help with internship opportunities, career planning and development? Does my major/department help place students with internship/career prospects? Do students find that the college career center helpful to most students or just those interested in common fields like engineering and finance? What specific services does the colleges career center provide? Is there a strong alumni presence to network post-graduation? What are the classes like? It’s very important for your student to call and speak to the department office that houses the major they are considering. Being able to speak with at least one professor about what classes are like on campus will give your student a good idea of how students in the school learn. You can get data on class size online, but you can’t get data on whether the school focuses more on projects or tests, what career experience from classrooms is like, and what is the typical time commitment for studying for each class, etc. Speaking to a first-year student in your major will give you great insight into what Freshman year might look like. If the department office denies this request, it’s something to consider when picking schools. You want a school that will guide your student as needed and provide them with as much upfront information as possible. Questions To Ask Students About Their College Experience What is campus life like? In terms of major and social environment, campus life is very important. A good way for a prospective student to find out about activities on campus and how much they are is to get in touch with the student government and speak to someone who is involved. Students can also ask questions about going out, night life and what it typically costs to have a social life. This is also a good time to figure out how many meals your student will actually eat as part of the meal plan. A meal purchased from the meal plan such as breakfast could cost four times as much as buying fruit and bagels or cereal and yogurt for a fridge in their room. It can easily save your student $1,000 per year by not buying breakfast as part of the meal plans. In addition, students will want to contact clubs they may be interested in joining to see what they are like and the expenses involved. For instance, your student may want to join a political club or an intramural sports club. For intramural sports, they should find out about both the costs of renting and buying equipment, as well as how much it typically costs to go out with the team post games. Questions to ask students about the college experience How would you rate your overall experience? What do you enjoy most/least about the college? How would you describe your experiences with professors and advisors? How would you rate the food on campus? How would you rate the campus facilities? What do you think of the dorms and residence halls? Which are you favorite aspects of student life on campus? Note: Well-planned campus tours can give your student a chance to follow up and get more details on all these questions. [Questions to ask on a college tour.] That’s why it’s always important to do college tours in the spring or other time period when class is in session. Summer is even fine as long as it’s not during a break from classes. Quick tips for asking questions when choosing a college While the school already has data from you on your finances, schools vary on how they use that information. Ask questions such as how regional cost of living factors in to the colleges financial aid award decisions. Career services is the most important office on campus. This is where your student can ask where students are getting work post graduation and where they are getting placed in internships. It’s crucial your student gets more details on what classes are like. When evaluating four-year costs, it’s vital to find out costs of campus life. A school with more on-campus activities for students will not only provide a bit of fun, but could save the student a lot of cash that would normally be spent on entertainment off campus.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Capital Punishment Debate Essay - 756 Words

Capital Punishment Debate The death penalty is a tough debate and an overwhelming argument in this country. We as Americans put Timothy McVeigh to death by lethal injection just three months ago. Arguments can be made for and against the death penalty, but this is not the problem. Capital Punishment is supposed to be a deterrent to crime, but is the death penalty really a deterrent? Capital Punishment is not a deterrent for crime, and the effects of Capital Punishment are actually hurting the American citizens. Capital Punishment affects the American citizens by having those citizens pay millions of dollars for death row inmates, and these criminals affect those same citizens because the†¦show more content†¦Americans could spend so much more money on more important things such as improving the schools around the nation or educating our children about drugs and other important issues, however, the governments of the United States are wasting the tax dollars of hard-working citizens, on a policy that isn’t effective. The Death Penalty is no longer a deterrent to crime, and that is affecting the citizens of the United States. Former U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno said that she has yet to find any evidence that the death penalty deters crime. I have inquired for most of my adult life about studies that might show that the death penalty is a deterrent. And I have not seen any research that would substantiate that point, said Reno. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that the South repeatedly has the highest murder rate. In 1999, it was the only region with a murder rate above the national rate, and the South accounts for 80% of all executions. The Northeast, which has less than 1% of all executions in the U.S., has the lowest murder rate (DPIC). These facts are undeniable and show that the death penalty does not deter crime. When comparisons are made between states with the death penalty and states without, the majority of death penalty states show murder rate s higher than non-death penalty states. The average murder rates per 100,000 populations in 1999 among death penalty states was 5.5, whereas the average of murderShow MoreRelatedThe Debate On Capital Punishment1673 Words   |  7 Pagessocieties in history at least at one point of time or another. Capital punishment could have been considered a tradition of sorts, considering how often it was and still is made to be an intriguing, perhaps morbidly entertaining, spectacle. When the reality behind the contentious punishment is revealed, so is the true ugliness of this custom. Throughout the world in modern times, including the United States in particular, the controversial debate on whether to retain or abolish the death penalty is extremelyRead MoreThe Debate Of Capital Punishment1313 Words   |  6 PagesCapital Punishment Introduction The state of California has carried out 13 executions since the enactment of capital punishment in 1992 (NAACP, 2016, 10). According to the NAACP winter quarterly report, there are currently 743 prisoners on death row (NAACP, 2016, 39). Since the enactment, there has been a wide range of political debate. The largest concern is in regards to the number of wrongful convictions and its philosophical underpinnings. The citizens in California are as diverse as theirRead MoreThe Capital Punishment Debate Essay1396 Words   |  6 PagesCapital Punishment, also known as the death penalty is a legal sentence for a criminal to be put to death. The Punishment is rising to a controversial topic and has led to a lot of heated debates. As of 2014, over 150 countries have abolished the death penalty and 40 others have not used it in recent years, although it is still legal. The death Penalty is mostly used in extreme cases of crime like rape or murder. The convicted criminals are mostly put to death in inhuman ways such as lethal injectionsRead MoreThe Debate Over Capital Punishment1183 Words   |  5 Pagesmorally just and constitutional. Those thinking it is cruel want capital punishment abolished. The others want to see it revised and maintained. Capital punishment is being sentenced to death and executed for committing various crimes. Usually, it is reserved for convicted murder cases, but had been used for others such as: armed robbery, kidnapping, rape, and treason. Only about sixty countries still use capital punishment – the United States included. Canada, Australia, and most EuropeanRead MoreEssay on Capital Punishment Debate1527 Words   |  7 PagesCapital Punishment Debate Is Capital Punishment, otherwise known as the Death Penalty, a disgraceful and unjust way to kill a fellow Human being? Or is it a justifiable way to punish someone in a modern day society? Some nations use the Death Penalty as their most severe punishment. Capital Punishment is one of the most debated issues in current day life. Is it acceptable or not? Many politicians have put their arguments across highlighting both their benefits andRead MoreThe Debate Over Capital Punishment1599 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction The Capital Punishment is a sure punishment. Sure punishment in the sense that the convicted never commits another crime, namely a homicide, again. People that oppose it support the argument that as human beings we shouldn’t take the responsibility of judging who should and shouldn’t die. That argument is backed by moral reasons, whether they are religious or simply ethical beliefs. Another argument against it is the fact that an offender facing the death penalty does not deter themRead MoreAmerica s Debate On Capital Punishment760 Words   |  4 PagesAmerica’s Debate: Should the Capital Punishment be abolished in the United States? Violent crimes such a murder, rape, sexual assault, and robbery are perpetrated by criminals once every few minutes in this country. Lawmakers spend countless hours enacting laws to prevent these crimes. The introduction of the death penalty is an effort to deter criminals from committing heinous crimes. What exactly does the death penalty accomplish? The best description of the term death penalty is the legal executionRead MoreThe Debate Over Capital Punishment936 Words   |  4 Pages The debate over capital punishment is in regards to whether the death penalty contradicts the Eighth Amendment. If the death penalty does contradict the Eight Amendment, then the State should not have the power to sentence criminals to death for capital crimes. However, if capital punishment is not against the Eighth Amendment, then the State has the right to sentence criminals to death. In this essay I will first summarize Justice Brennan’s argument on why the death penalty is beyond the powerRead MoreThe Capital Punishment Debate Essay2269 Words   |  10 PagesCapital Punishment Try to imagine a relative sitting in a dark, cold, and tight prison cell and knowing minutes later that death would come for them through lethal injection. What if their case wasnt handled correctly, what if evidence was mishandled, and possibly an innocent person is going to die. Imagine the family who has been waiting years for justice to be served by the means of lethal injection. There is two sides to every story either way both families will grieve or already is. Read MoreEssay about The Debate Over Capital Punishment1141 Words   |  5 Pages The debate over capital punishment has been raging on for countless number of years. Capital punishment has been used for thousands of years due to the physiological fear it inflicts on the people who witness and learn about the death penalty. The use of this punishment has helped to reduce crime and alter the minds of future criminals to deter them against committing heinous crimes such as murder, treason, espionage, terrorism and i n some cases aggravated kidnapping. Advocates say it deters crime

My Real Life Situation Is ( Es ) Cells And Its Effect On...

My real life situation is ESC What is ESC: Embryonic stem (ES) cells which are cells that can only be derived from pre†implantation embryos and have a proven ability to form cells of all tissues of the adult organism. The advantages of it is that it can be created by IV, could be used to develop cell replacement therapies, research on possible toxic effects of new drugs Personal take: I came across this topic in my biology class and was amazed by how far we managed to progress. It confused me as to why people were so against it if it meant potential to cure incurable diseases. My main knowledge question that I extracted from this real life situation is â€Å"To what extent does our emotions hinder the advancement of knowledge?† To answer this KQ, the AOK of Natural Sciences and Ethics will be explored in detail through the WOKs of Language and Emotion. Language is the way humans communicate and due to how it exists in our daily lives, we tend to take language for granted and not actively consider the implications made in our casual conversations. It is important to note that Language can be very creative and open-ended form and there is an element of interpretation built into communication. There are words with secondary meanings and vague definitions that require context in order to properly understand it i.e. minor. This could mean small or a person who is underage. If â€Å"minor† comes up and without the context it is used in, I cannot accurately judge which definitionShow MoreRelatedEssay on Culminating Project for RDG 5438982 Words   |  36 Pages All students in our county have been issued Chrome books at have WiFi connections to the school network and are about to be connected at home. These Chrome books are not able to have Microsoft Office on them, rendering them just about useless for my class. PART TWO: ASSESSMENT PLAN Formal Assessment related to instruction plan: The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (DPI), has created unit quizzes, benchmark, midterm and final exams in our Career and Technical Education testingRead MoreDiscuss the Importance of Non Verbal Communication to Education24125 Words   |  97 PagesHIV/AIDS information render a project’s target group vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. | Contact farmers and community leaders may be unable to attend training activities due to caring responsibilities. Project likely to lose trained beneficiaries and their knowledge, experience and labour.Some destitute children, often AIDS orphans, are forced into child labour. | Agricultural/rural development projects actively address in their regular activities the factors that increase vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. | CommunityRead MoreOpening, Lodgment and Retirement Procedures and Performance of Prime Bank Limited14692 Words   |  59 Pagesprogram. I have tried my best to submit a good report with as much information as could gather during the short time span allotted for preparing the report. There might be some error through oversight in the report. I sincerely regret for such unintentional errors. I would be grateful to you if you kindly consider my unintentional mistakes. I acknowledge with thanks the wholehearted support kind guidance received from you. So I hope that you would be kind enough to accept my Internship Report Read MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words   |  1186 Pages Cross Reference of Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) Concepts to Text Topics Chapter 1 Modern Project Management Chapter 8 Scheduling resources and cost 1.2 Project defined 1.3 Project management defined 1.4 Projects and programs (.2) 2.1 The project life cycle (.2.3) App. G.1 The project manager App. G.7 Political and social environments F.1 Integration of project management processes [3.1] 6.5.2 Setting a schedule baseline [8.1.4] Setting a resource schedule ResourceRead MoreOperations Management23559 Words   |  95 Pages1 -3 Learning Objectives of this Course Gain an appreciation of strategic importance of operations and supply chain management in a global business environment Understand how operations relates to other business functions Develop a working knowledge of concepts and methods related to designing and managing operations and supply chains Develop a skill set for quality and process improvement 1 -4 Chapter 1 Introduction to Operations and Supply Chain Management Operations Management RobertaRead More65 Successful Harvard Business School Application Essays 2nd Edition 147256 Words   |  190 Pageskindly shared their personal es... says.We would also like to thank the staff of the Harbus, including Lauren Sullivan, Marianne Bakula, and Christie Cuthbert, for their encouragement and support. Lastly, we would be remiss if we did not express our gratitude for assistance from our agent, Katie Boyle, and our editor at St. Martins, Matthew Martz. x INTRODUCTION You are inspired, hopeful, accomplished, and eager. You seek per, sonal and professional advancement via an MBA that will prepareRead MoreInnovators Dna84615 Words   |  339 Pagesthey had developed quite a number of innovations over time and appeared motivated to continue doing so. Others beneï ¬ tted by being in the right place at the right time to make a critical observation, talk to a key person with particularly useful knowledge, or serendipitously learn from an experiment. They made an important discovery once, but they might not necessarily be capable or motivated (perhaps due to financial success) to continue generating innovative ideas. In similar fashion, we haveRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesStress-Reduction Techniques 144 SKILL ANALYSIS 147 Cases Involving Stress Management 147 The Turn of the Tide 147 The Case of the Missing Time 150 SKILL PRACTICE 155 Exercises for Long-Term and Short-Run Stress Management The Small-Wins Strategy 155 Life-Balance Analysis 156 Deep Relaxation 158 Monitoring and Managing Time 159 SKILL APPLICATION 161 Activities for Managing Stress 161 Suggested Assignments 161 Application Plan and Evaluation 162 SCORING KEYS AND COMPARISON DATA Stress Management AssessmentRead MoreManaging Information Technology (7th Edition)239873 Words   |  960 PagesGregg’s Appliances, Inc.: Deciding on a New Information Technology Platform CASE STUDY I-7 Midsouth Chamber of Commerce (B): Cleaning Up an Information Systems Debacle CASE STUDY II-1 Vendor-Managed Inventory at NIBCO CASE STUDY II-2 Real-Time Business Intelligence at Continental Airlines CASE STUDY II-3 Norfolk Southern Railway: The Business Intelligence Journey CASE STUDY II-4 Mining Data to Increase State Tax Revenues in California CASE STUDY II-5 The Cliptomaniaâ„ ¢Read MoreKyruus case Essay13147 Words   |  53 Pageswillingness to rethink baseball: how it is managed, how it is played, who is best suited to play it, and why.† â€Å"First came radical advancements in computer technology: this dramatically reduced the cost of compiling and analyzing vast amounts of baseball data. Then came the boom in baseball players’ salaries: this dramatically raised the benefits of having such knowledge. ‘If we’re going to pay these guys $150,000 a year [1977] to do this†¦we should at least know how good they are’†¦ If this sounded

Farmers Perception of Organic Farming in Selected Local free essay sample

The study investigated farmers’ perception of organic farming in selected Local Government Areas of Ekiti State, Nigeria, with the specific objectives of assessing the demographic characteristics of farmers, identifying the major crops grown by the farmers, assessing farmers’ sources of information on organic farming, examining farmers’ knowledge of organic farming, as well as assessing farmers’ perception about organic farming. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 160 farmers in the study area. The data collected were analyzed using frequency counts, percentages and Chi-square. Results obtained show that farmers in the study area are mostly male with a mean age of 53. 8 years, married, and have formal education. Crops grown by the farmers include: maize, yam, cassava, plantain, vegetables, and tomato. Farmers’ sources of information on organic farming are radio, extension agents, television, newspapers, farmers association, fellow farmers, and relatives. Their most preferred sources of information are Mobile phones and radio. Farmers in the study area have a high knowledge of organic farming and favourable perception towards organic farming. We will write a custom essay sample on Farmers Perception of Organic Farming in Selected Local or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Results further show that significant relationships exist between sources of information on organic farming and farmers’ perception of organic farming, as well as knowledge of organic farming and farmers’ perception of organic farming. These imply that those who have more access to information on organic farming tend to have a favourable perception towards organic farming than those who have less access to information on organic farming. In the same vein, the farmers with high knowledge of organic farming tend to have a favourable perception towards organic farming than those who have little knowledge of organic farming. Policy recommendations emanating from the study are: active involvement of youths and women in organic crop production, improvement of information sources on organic farming, and enlightenments on various organic methods of weed, pest and disease control through the regular sources of information on organic farming. Farmers should be motivated through credit facilities and discouragement of inorganic farming in order to ensure sustainable production of food, since the farmers have a favourable perception towards organic farming. Key words: Knowledge, Perception, Organic farming, Sources of Information Introduction The mainstay of the Nigerian economy since independence is agriculture, as it accounts for over 38 percent of the non-oil foreign exchange earnings and employs about 70% of the active labour force of the population (BPE, 2004). Despite this level of involvement in agricultural production in Nigeria, the food produced can no longer meet the demand of the the fast growing population of the country. Attempts to increase food production in the country have brought about the expansion of farming area, as well as an increase in the use of agro-chemicals, the long-term effect of which does not support sustainable agriculture. In an attempt to promote organic agriculture and ensure the production of agricultural goods at a sustainable level, the second national conference on organic agriculture was held in Nigeria, under the auspices of the International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movement (IFOAM), where the participants were charged with the responsibilities of developing organic agriculture in Nigeria (IFOAM, 2007). The National Organic Standard Board (NOSB) has defined organic agriculture as ‘an ecological production management system that promotes and enhances biodiversity. It is based on minimal use of off-farm inputs and on-farm management practices that restore, maintain and enhance ecological harmony’ (ATTRA, 2007). According to Robertson and Morgan (1996), organic farming avoids the use of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides and relies on developing biological diversity in the field to disrupt habitats for pest organisms and the purposeful maintenance and replenishment of soil fertility. Organic farming emphasises the use of renewable natural resources and their recycling (Emsley, 2001). It eliminates the use of synthetic pesticides, growth hormones, antibiotics and gene manipulation in the crop production system, and this poses a challenge to crop and pest management specialists to device new tactics for crop and animal protection (Ivbijaro, 1990; Tapondjon et al. , 2002). Attention is instead focussed on disease resistance and restoring or enhancing ecological processes (Smil, 2001; Adeoye, 2005). Organic systems rely on crop rotation, crop ISSN 1177-4258 20 Journal of Organic Systems, 6(1), 2011 residues, animal manures, legumes, green manures, off-farm organic wastes and aspects of biological pest control to maintain soil productivity and tilt, to supply plant nutrient and to control insects, weed and other pests (Lampkin, 1990; Miguel, 1998). Most of the synthetic fertilisers and other agrochemicals that are used in non-organic farming are manufactured using resources such as fossil fuels which are not renewable. Using such resources may cause pollution and contribute to environmental degradation, thus making such agricultural practices unsustainable.